A homemade fire pit allows us to enjoy the outdoor living area around the year. However, a fire pit can be combined with the landscape pavers and natural fieldstone to make a unique look. How to Build a DIY fire pit not easier and the best way for camping.
Now you can make your fire pit in a variety of shapes, sizes, and stone patterns. Check out our step by step instructions for how to build a DIY fire pit on your patio or lawn.
Table of Contents
- Brick Hammer
- Concrete Float
- Cordless Drill
- Concave Jointer
- Mason’s Glasses
- Mason’s Trowel
- Margin Trowel
- Tuckpointing Tools
- Face bricks
- Cardboard concrete form
Here are some steps to make a perfect fire pit for your patio or backyard.
Step 1: Call Utility Companies Before Digging
Before diffing out space, call the utility companies to check the location of buried utility lines. Additionally, check the fire pit code in your area. Most need a fire pit to be 25 foot, away from any overhanging and structures trees. Think how to prevailing winds blow through the backyard. Don’t locate pit upwind of patio or where the smoke will blow into the window of those of neighbors.
Step 2: Make Fire Pit
The first step to make a fire pit to dig out a dedicated space in your yard for the firepit base. Now we will set the dimensions to build a fire pit. A 3foot diameter in-ground fire pit is enough for a good fire. To make a pit and pouring concrete footing easier, use cardboard concrete form tubes. Carefully screw and bend strips together to make a circle. Set the more extensive form in spray and position around it. Dig a hole about 3 inches larger, 8-inch-deep in diameter than the form.
Step 3: Stake the Forms and Pour a Sturdy Footing for Fire Pit Base
The concrete footing will make a stable base for fire pit walls and keep sides from cracking as the ground moves over time: stake form and mix up. The bags of concrete mix according to the manufacturer’s directions.
Step 4: Add Rebar
Bend rebar into circles for circle fire pit and tie them together to make a ring. Fill forms halfway. Press ring into concrete for strength ensures it doesn’t touch the sides of forms.
Step 5: Finish Footing
Shovel in the concrete unit the forms are filled to top and tap tubes gently with a sledgehammer until concrete mix is level. I am hammering forms down if necessary, smooth the top of the footer. Let concrete ultimately set up overnight.
Step 6: Dry Firebrick Liner
Firebrick is a dense brick that kilned to high temperatures. It’s thicker, more substantial, and broader than regular brick and you can find it at most brickyards. Firebrick is expensive, but it will stand up to nightly fires for years. You’ll need 25 firebricks for 3-foot diameter pits.
Step 7: Mortar Firebrick
Firebrick mortared with refractory cement. Refractory cement comes in a bucket and has the consistency of peanut butter. The margin trowel makes it easy to scoop cement out of bucket and butter bricks. A tuck pointer is suitable for cleaning up joints.
Step 8: Make Air Holes
In firebrick leave four gaps in opposite points around the ring and fill them with half bricks. These gaps are drawing holes that quickly feed air to fire. Pop up half brick until mortar sets.
Step 9: Complete Fire Pit with Face Brick
You will need 80 face bricks to complete outside walls. Face brick with holes is more comfortable to split with a brick hammer. It’s easy to form the curve of pit walls with half bricks. You will lay three courses of face brick and mortar together. Because face brick is smaller, you will need to make up the size difference as you lay three courses of face brick.
Step 10: Strike Joints
After a section of face brick sue, jointer to smooth the joints before the mortar dries too much. Striking gives a wall uniform polished look. Keep in mind to leave draft holes and open as mortar each section of smooth and face brick out the finished joints.
Step 11: Finish off Top Lip
Finish the fire pit with matching row-lock cap using regular face brick set on edge. You will need face bricks for the cap. It will help you to protect the wall joints form rain. Also, keep sparks contained. Moreover, it gives a nice ledge to warm feet on—bed of mortar and lay bricks on edge. Then brick on outside edges and press it into place.
Step 12: Fill Gaps
Add a small amount of mortar of joints to fill gaps. Check level and tap gently with a brick hammer to adjust spacing. The level 1-inch overhang on the outside to allow for rain to drip off. Once all the bricks have mortared in place, strike joints for a smooth, finished look with a concave jointer.
Step 13: Fire Pit is Ready
Give mortar and cement a week to cure completely before lighting a fire in the pit. Pour a few inches of gravel on the pit’s floor for drainage, and you are ready for the first wienie roast.
With the structure complete, focus on finishing touches. With the help of a standard paintbrush, brush the exterior of the fire pit to remove loose debris, moreover, lightly spray with a garden hose to remove leftover mortar.
To give fire bricks on the inside of the structure a uniform finish, spray paint bricks black using the highest stove paint. Fill the fire pit with river rocks.